Dr. Lederman and colleagues present a study comparing new techniques for rotator cuff repair!

Title: Triple-Loaded Suture Anchors Versus a Knotless Rip Stop Construct in a Single-Row Rotator Cuff Repair Model

Matthew Noyes, MD, Christopher Adams MD, Evan S. Lederman MD, Patrick Denard MD

Purpose

To compare the biomechanical properties of single-row repair with triple-loaded (TL) anchor repair versus a knotless rip stop (KRS) repair in a rotator cuff repair model.

Full article link below.

The Journal of Arthroscopy and Related Research: 2018 Feb 15. pii: S0749-8063(18)30029-X. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2017.12.024. [Epub ahead of print]

https://www.arthroscopyjournal.org/article/S0749-8063(18)30029-X/fulltext

Join Team TOCA with Dr. Feng & the Arthritis Foundation for the Walk to Cure Arthritis!

Enjoy the beautiful Arizona weather by joining Team TOCA, Dr. Earl Feng (Orthopedic Surgeon, Arthritis & Total Joint Reconstruction) and the Arthritis Foundation in the Annual Walk for the Cure, Saturday May 5th, 2018 at the Phoenix Zoo! Dr. Feng is not only a TOCA Physician & Surgeon but also serves as a Board Member for the Arthritis Foundation!

At TOCA, each of us has an important role in helping the more than 1.2 million Arizonans living with arthritis including many our patients, our colleagues, and more than 6,000 children in Arizona alone. TOCA is proud to continue our support the 2018 Arizona Walk to Cure Arthritis on May 5th at the Phoenix Zoo. As a sponsor of the Walk to Cure Arthritis, our goal is to help more people with arthritis.

The Arthritis Foundation is the Champion of Yes for patients with arthritis who are being told “no” a lot. No, there isn’t a cure. No, you cannot play sports. No, you cannot pick-up your grandchild.

Here is how you can help!

• Through funding critical research for osteoarthritis to find better treatments and ultimately a cure.
• Giving kids living with arthritis the opportunity to attend Camp Cruz to meet other kids living with arthritis.
• Supporting programs like the Live Yes network for people in our community struggling with pain, connecting them with others with arthritis.
• Getting a patient get back on their feet so they can walk their dog.
• Helping a grandparent alleviate back pain so they can pick up their grandchild.
• Saying “YES” to a patient today!

The event features a three-mile and one-mile course, with arthritis information and activities for the entire family!

Let’s raise funds to find a cure for arthritis, then come together to support each other and walk! Every step counts, every dollar matters!  The Arthritis Foundation’s Walk to Cure Arthritis to help the more than 50 million Americans and 300,000 children with arthritis live better today and to keep the Arthritis Foundation’s promise of finding a cure for tomorrow. Be a Champion of Yes – join our team and raise funds to fight arthritis and find a cure, all while having A LOT OF FUN! If you aren’t able to join the team, we’d appreciate your donation to help reach our goal.

Click here to learn more about this event, join Team TOCA and/or Donate Today! Team TOCA

Event Location:
The Phoenix Zoo
455 N Galvin Pkwy
Phoenix , AZ 85008
Event Schedule:
Event Registration Starts 5/5/2017 6:30 am
Event Registration Ends 5/5/2017 8:00 am
Event Starts 5/5/2017 7:30 am
Event Ends 5/5/2017 10:00 am
Fees:
Walk to Cure Arthritis Registration: No Fees
Event Registration

To Learn more about Dr. Feng and TOCA visit: www.tocamd.com or call 602-277-6211

#Arthritisfoundation #WalktoCureArthritis #Results #Recovery #Relife#TOCAMD #TOCA #ArthritisPhxWalk #PhoenixZoo

Halloween Safety Tips from your OrthoDocs

Halloween is known as a favorite holiday, full of spooky fun and lots of candy. However, it can also present many opportunities for injury, as we take to the streets in pursuit of trick-or-treating goodies. Let’s talk Halloween Safety!

Monsters and aliens are not the only scary things out on October 31st. Trips and falls (or even more serious accidents) can put a damper on Halloween festivities. But a little preparation and thought can go a long way in protecting you and your children from harm.Pedestrian injuries are the most common type of Halloween injury. There are four to five times more pedestrian fatalities on Halloween versus the average for the rest of the year.

Other common Halloween injuries are trips and falls from costumes that are too big or obstruct sight; burns from highly-flammable costumes; and cuts while carving pumpkins.

The following tips taken from the American Academy of Pediatrics and physicians at TOCA offers the following tips for Halloween safety:

Halloween Safety Tips from your OrthoDocs!

REMEMBER: The main thing to do is use your own common sense and rust your parental instincts. If it doesn’t feel safe or comfortable, then it probably isn’t; go with your gut, follow our advice, and keep things safe this Halloween.

Choosing a Costume

Everyone loves dressing up at Halloween, children most of all. And it’s so sweet seeing them go from door-to-door trick or treating locally – who doesn’t take a million pictures before they go out with their little buckets? But sadly it can be dangerous for some children, as there have been a number of well-documented accidents where children’s Halloween costumes were set alight by accident.

Don’t worry too much though- there are lots of things you can do to mitigate the risk. You need to make sure what you buy is as safe as it can be from candles, fires and sparks, and you need to brief them on what to look out for, as well as what to do if the worst happens. We’re sure everyone will stay safe this Halloween, but you can be super sure if you read our fullproof guide to Halloween costume safety!

1. Use flame-resistant materials

As it’s Halloween, your child is very likely to be near candles, lanterns, and other decorative flames. Polyester and nylon are both flame-resistant materials, for example. When picking out your child’s costume always look for the label “flame-resistant” and make sure there is a visible CE mark.

REMEMBER: It’s safer to choose costumes made up of one layer of heavier materials as opposed to flimsy, layered, frilly ones. Thinner materials made up of lots of layers tend to burn much faster because more oxygen can get to the fire.

2. Pick a costume that’s made out of ONE material

Costumes that are made of one single type of material will often catch fire more slowly than those that are made out of lots of different materials.

If a costume is made of a variety of different fabrics, they can all react to a flame in a different way and, in some cases, can fuel the fire even faster.

3. Wear clothes UNDER the costume

Not only because it can go from warm to chilly here in Arizona when you’re trick or treating but also because it’s safer. Speaking about costumes, Kevin O’Neill from the Fire and Rescue Service said: “These are toys. Toys have a lower fire safety requirement. They have a lower fire safety standard. Just be aware of that and take measures.

One of those measures is to ensure children are wearing clothes under the costume.

They should be wearing woollen tights for example or a woollen jumper or jeans. That way it gives some protection that if they were to catch fire you’ve still got a barrier between the garment and your skin.”

4. Ditch the capes

Capes are very common on Halloween costumes, but – as proven by Madonna – they can pose a tripping hazard even to adults. More worryingly, however, is the fact that they pose a strangulation risk.

And on that note…

Avoid costumes and costume jewellery that is tight around the throat. Avoid anything, especially cords and sashes, that tie around the neck.

5. Read the label on face paints

If you are buying face paints then they should be FDA approved. Always look for a CE mark and always check the packaging displays clear ingredients in English.

And remember that the words ‘non-toxic’ doesn’t always mean it will be safe for your skin. Do an allergy test on a small patch of skin before using on you or your childs face.

No matter how tired you are following a night of fun, make sure you remove any costume makeup before bedroom to prevent possible skin irritation.

6. Keep an eye on accessories and props

Swords, knives, and other costume accessories should be short, soft, and flexible. If you think if you, a friend or your child would be hurt if their was a fall on the accessory, be it a wand or a sword, then do not wear it.

Again, look for a visible CE mark when purchasing.

7. Be careful with masks

You want to make sure that a mask fits well (so that it’s comfortable and doesn’t slip), that the eye holes are big enough to see out of, and that you can breathe comfortably while wearing it.

8. Remember to stay visible

Choose bright and light coloured costumes and clothing wherever possible. If you or your kids are heading out trick-or-treating or an outdoor party, carry a glow stick, and buy reflective tape and attach it to your/ your childs costume. This will ensure that motorists can see your child – and that you can keep an eye on them!

9. Don’t forget the shoes!

Related imageWear well-fitting, sturdy shoes. You don’t need to wear “red-carpet starlet” high heels; leave them at home and pop on sturdy footwear that you won’t trip in.

And, on the note, remember that many shoes that come with costumes are NOT meant for outdoor use; make sure your child is wearing shoes that fit properly and have proper grip to them, so that they don’t slip and fall. Also so they can comfortably survive the night walking around in their shoes.

10. And of course, make sure it fits

Do not purchase costumes that are flimsy, billowing, too big, or that drag on the ground; not only will this be a tripping hazard, but it could also get caught up in Halloween candles.

A Few Additional Halloween Safety Precautions:

While Out Trick or Treating

  • Be safe, be seen. To easily see and be seen, children should also carry flashlights.
  • Young children should always be accompanied by an adult or an older, responsible child.
  • All children should WALK, not run, from house to house and use the sidewalk, if available, rather than walk in the street.
  • Cross streets at the corner, use crosswalks (where they exist), and do not cross between parked cars.
  • Parents should plan out the trick-or-treating route – best to stay on well lit roads with sidewalks.
  • Children should be cautioned against running out from between parked cars or across lawns and yards where ornaments, furniture, or clotheslines present dangers.
  • For greater visibility during dusk and darkness, decorate or trim costumes with reflective tape that will glow in the beam of a car’s headlights. Bags or sacks should also be light colored or decorated with reflective tape. Reflective tape is usually available in hardware, bicycle, and sporting goods stores.
  • Bring a flashlight and cell phone with you.

Choose Safe Houses

  • Children should go only to homes where the residents are known and have outside lights on as a sign of welcome.
  • Children should not enter homes or apartments unless they are accompanied by an adult.
  • People expecting trick-or-treaters should remove anything that could be an obstacle from lawns, steps and porches.

Image result for jack-o-lanternSmart Jack-o’-lanterns

  • Use a flashlight, battery tea light or flameless candle to light your jack-o’’-lantern.

When carving pumpkins:

    • Carve pumpkins on stable, flat surfaces with good lighting.
    • Have children draw a face on the outside of the pumpkin, then let an adult do the cutting.
    • Place lighted pumpkins away from curtains and other flammable objects, and do not leave lit pumpkins unattended

 

RESOURCES:

American Academy of Pediatrics
http://www.aap.org

 

#TOCA #TOCAMD #Halloween #HalloweenSafety #KidSafe #MyOrthoDoc #HalloweenFun #Trickortreat #Halloweencostume #Holidays #Celebrate #HappyHalloween

TOCA Performs First Meniscus Replacements in Arizona with NUsurface® Meniscus Implant

The Orthopedic Clinic Association

 

Media Contacts: Merryman Communications for Active Implants
Joni Ramirez joni@merrymancommunications.com
323.532.0746

Lisa Paulson for TOCA (The Orthopedic Clinic Association)
602.512.8525
lpaulson@tocamd.com

TOCA (The Orthopedic Clinic Association) Performs First Meniscus Replacements in Arizona with NUsurface® Meniscus Implant

Phoenix Suns Physician Treats Local Resident with Persistent Knee Pain in SUN Clinical Trial

PHOENIX, Arizona – July 6, 2017 – TOCA (The Orthopedic Clinic Association), a one-stop resource for orthopedics in Arizona, and Active Implants, a company that develops orthopedic implant solutions, today announced that the first meniscus replacement procedures in Arizona were successfully performed by Dr. Tom Carter. TOCA is the only center in the state – and one of just 10 sites nationwide – enrolling patients with persistent knee pain caused by injured or deteriorating meniscus cartilage in the SUN trial, which is designed to assess the safety and effectiveness of the NUsurface® Meniscus Implant (pronounced “new surface”) in restoring function similar to that of a natural, healthy meniscus.

One of the first patients to receive the implant in Arizona was Robert Nowlan, a 55-year-old Anthem resident, who first tore his meniscus 17 years ago while hiking in the Grand Canyon. Although he underwent three surgeries and injection therapy to treat the injury, he experienced constant pain that limited his daily activity. Nowlan’s knee was consistently throbbing with pain whether he was walking, working or even sitting. The pain became so intense, he had to give up hobbies he loved like running, hiking and karate.

The meniscus is a tissue pad between the thigh and shin bones. Once damaged, the meniscus has a very limited ability to heal. Over 1 million partial meniscectomies to remove or repair a torn meniscus are performed in the U.S. every year, about the same as the total number of hip and knee replacement surgeries combined. However, many patients still experience persistent knee pain following meniscus surgery.

“There aren’t many options for patients who experience persistent knee pain following meniscus surgery,” said Dr. Tom Carter, orthopedic surgeon at TOCA. “We hope the NUsurface implant decreases or alleviates pain in these patients, helps them delay knee replacement surgery, and improves their level of activities.”

Nowlan received the NUsurface Meniscus Implant in October 2016 through a small incision in his knee and completed a six-week rehabilitation program. Eight months into his recovery, he is most looking forward to biking and hiking the Grand Canyon again with his family – but this time pain-free.

“My knee pain over the last 17 years had reduced my quality of life, as I was too young for knee replacement and had resigned myself to just living and working with constant pain,” Nowlan said. “A couple weeks after receiving the NUsurface Meniscus Implant, the knee pain I was used to living with was gone. It felt like I drank from the fountain of youth – I can finally walk around and do all the activities I’ve been missing out on.”

The NUsurface Meniscus Implant has been used in Europe under CE Mark since 2008 and Israel since 2011.

About the Clinical Trial
The SUN study (Safety Using NUsurface®) will enroll approximately 120 patients as part of regulatory process to gain approval from FDA to sell the device in the U.S. All patients who meet study requirements and agree to enter the trial are offered the NUsurface Meniscus Implant as treatment. Treatment with NUsurface in the SUN trial is eligible for coverage by Medicare and some private insurance companies. To be eligible for the study, participants must be between the ages of 30 and 75 and have pain after medial meniscus surgery that was performed at least six months ago. To learn more about the SUN study, please visit http://sun-trial.com or call (844) 680-8951.

About the NUsurface® Meniscus Implant
The NUsurface® Meniscus Implant is an investigational treatment for patients with persistent knee pain following medial meniscus surgery. It is made from medical grade plastic and, as a result of its unique materials, composite structure and design, does not require fixation to bone or soft tissues. The NUsurface Meniscus Implant mimics the function of the natural meniscus and redistributes loads transmitted across the knee joint. Clinical trials are underway in the U.S., Europe and Israel to verify the safety and effectiveness of the NUsurface Meniscus Implant.

About TOCA (The Orthopedic Clinic Association)
TOCA (The Orthopedic Clinic Association) has served the Valley with orthopedic care since it was founded in 1949. TOCA is a one-stop resource for orthopedics in Arizona, led by nationally recognized, established orthopedic physicians who are passionate about quality care. TOCA brings expertise in orthopedics and sports medicine, numerous sub-specialties, physical therapy and hand therapy. Each TOCA Physician brings their own passion and integrity to a common purpose, honoring TOCA’s mission statement: “Serving our Patients through Innovative and Comprehensive Orthopedic Care.” Our physicians and staff are dedicated to providing for each person’s needs and ensuring the highest level of care for a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions. For more information, visit https://tocamd.com/.

About Active Implants
Active Implants, LLC develops orthopedic implant solutions that complement the natural biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system, allowing patients to maintain or return to an active lifestyle. Active Implants is privately held with headquarters in Memphis, Tennessee. European offices are in Driebergen, The Netherlands, with R&D facilities in Netanya, Israel. For more information, visit www.activeimplants.com.

CAUTION Investigational device. Limited by United States law to investigational use.

The TOCA Foundation Supports Local Arizona Schools!

The TOCA Foundation Supports Local Arizona Schools! The TOCA Foundation’s mission is to improve the community in the areas of math, science and medical research. Local Public Schools desperately need further funding to improve our community’s educational outcomes and future leaders in these areas. Tegether, we will help provide students the tools to compete in a global future!

Recently, TOCA donated stability balls to a 1st grade classroom as a part of a research project geared towards improving student focus (and posture!) in the classroom. TOCA received this artistic drawing and thank you note from one of the students!

To learn more about the TOCA Foundation and upcoming events please visit: www.tocamd.com/TOCAfoundation

Questions? Call TOCA at 602-277-6211!
#Recovery #Results #Relief #Education #Research #Math #Science #Supportourschools #TOCAfoundation #stabilityballsrock

TOCA Welcomes Dr. William Stevens January 3rd, 2017!

TOCA Welcomes Dr. William Stevens January 3rd, 2017!

Dr. William Stevens is excited to be joining the outstanding physicians at The Orthopedic Clinic Association. He is fellowship trained in Orthopedic Spine Surgery.

At the age of 12, a young William Stevens knew he wanted to be a doctor. When that dream was realized, he fell in love with the challenges and opportunities afforded by spine surgery. As a spine surgeon, he has the chance to have a life changing impact on the lives of his patients by giving back to them, their quality of life.

Dr. William Stevens is a board certified Orthopedic Surgeon with his expertise in spinal disorders and received his Medical Degree from Brown University in Providence, RI. His post-graduate training includes a Fellowship in Spinal Deformity Surgery from UC San Francisco and Residency in Orthopedic Surgery and Internship in General Surgery from Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, DC. He is an active member of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, The North American Spine Society, the Scoliosis Research Society and the Orthopaedic Surgeons Network of Arizona.

In addition to his numerous publications and presentations Dr. Stevens has traveled to the Bahamas several times over the past 12 years for surgical missions to perform corrective surgery on children with spinal deformity.

Appointments scheduled with Dr. Stevens and his dedicated staff will be at the new TOCA SPINE office located at: 3133 E. Camelback Road Suite #245, Phoenix, AZ 85016!

602-277-6211

www.tocamd.com

TOCA is proud to be a sponsor for the Arizona Sports Radio KTAR 98.7 Holiday Heroes Benefiting the 100 Club for the 4th year in a row!

TOCA is proud to be a sponsor for the Arizona Sports Radio KTAR 98.7 Holiday Heroes Benefiting the 100 Club for the 4th year in a row! Listen live today starting at 10:00 am to 6:00 pm!

Join TOCA and Arizona Sports 98.7FM for the Holiday Heroes event on Wednesday, December 7th, 2016, at ASU Karsten Golf Course (1125 E Rio Salado Pkwy, Tempe, AZ 85281) from 10am-6pm, benefiting the 100 Club of Arizona.

Holiday Heroes is an annual fundraiser and golf tournament put on by Arizona Sports 98.7FM! This event provides financial assistance to families of public safety officers and firefighters who are seriously injured or killed in the line-of-duty.

We encourage you to help by making a donation now! On December 7th, you will also be able to text in, make a donation and will be entered to win great prizes like autographed jerseys, helmets, footballs and more from the Just Sports Jersey Wall, or join us on-site and purchase raffle tickets for some fabulous prizes.

Help us help those that keep us safe on a day-to-day basis by contributing to Holiday Heroes!

#Recovery #Results #Relief #100Club #TOCA

Workplace Safety!

Workplace Safety: Everyone has a part to play in keeping the workplace safe and free from unnecessary dangers and risks. By keeping these tips in mind and sharing them with others, you will be doing your part in keeping injuries, and possibly deaths, from happening on the job.
 
Tips for Avoiding Slips and Falls –
 
Falls are the leading cause of injury in the workplace. Keep these tips in mind to avoid an injury:
 
* As you walk, keep an eye on the floor in front of you for spills.
If you see a spill, never just walk by it. Always clean it up or call someone to clean it up.
 
* Wear nonskid shoes when you work in kitchens, outdoors, or any other place where you will commonly be walking on slippery surfaces.
 
* Never climb on shelving units or storage units to get things. Use only approved ladders.
 
* Never lean on railings, even if they look solid. They could be improperly secured, and you could fall.
 
* Always use safety harnesses when working at heights.
 
Tips for Lifting Properly –
 
You may work with patients who need help getting around or at a factory where you’re lifting boxes on a continual basis. No matter who or what you may be lifting, there are some key points to consider:
 
* If you are approaching a box and don’t know what’s in it, try moving it a little with your foot first to see how easily it moves. This will help you gauge how heavy the box is.
 
* Always wear nonskid shoes when you are lifting often or lifting potentially heavy objects.
 
* Never bend at the waist and lift the box up with your back. Keep your upper body straight and parallel with your lower legs. Grab the item and push up with your legs, not with your back.
Never jerk your body around when lifting. You may feel fine after doing this once, but repeated occurrences can easily lead to injury in even the healthiest workers.
 
Fire Safety Tips –
 
Some jobs carry an increased risk of fire, but understanding fire safety is important for any occupation. Keep these tips in mind:
 
* Have a fire plan in place for your worksite, and make sure your employees understand it fully. Having a fire drill every now and then is a good way for employees to keep escape routes, meeting spots, and procedures in mind.
 
* Avoid the use of so-called “power strips” whenever possible. They are often prone to overuse and can start a fire if too many appliances are plugged into them.
 
* Keep cleaning chemicals and other work chemicals in a well-ventilated room. Many chemicals emit vapors that are highly flammable and which can be set off with something as small as a spark from a faulty wire.
 
* Know where all the fire extinguishers are throughout your work-site and know how to use them.
 
* Remember that grease fires cannot be fought by dousing them with water. Oil is hydrophobic and also is the fuel source in grease fires. Water will simply splash the oil around and spread the fire even further.
 
Planning for a Safe Workplace –
 
Falls, lifting injuries, and fires are dangerous and common in the workplace, but that’s just the beginning. There are many possible safety issues that can occur at your office or factory. Sometimes the best workplace safety arises out of simple good planning and smart thinking.
 
Every single workplace should have a safety committee and safety plan in place. If you don’t have safety committees at your workplace, then propose one. If you work at home, you are the safety committee. Working at home or for a very small business isn’t a reason to get out of safety planning.
 
If you don’t have a safety plan in place yet, follow these steps when you recognize a workplace safety issue:
 
Make sure that everyone else in your workplace is aware of the problem.
 
Notify your supervisor –
 
File any reports or documents about the problem.
Follow up. Telling someone there’s a problem is not a guarantee that the problem will be resolved satisfactorily. Report it and later follow up to make sure the problem was addressed.
 
#Recovery #Results #Relief #workplacesaftey #injury preventsion

Veterans Week November 5th – 11th, 2016

Veterans Week November 5th – 11th, 2016: The Physicians and team members at TOCA would like to express our gratitude to those who are currently serving, those who have served and their families.

 “As we express our gratitude, we must never forget that the highest appreciation is not to utter words, but to live by them.”
-John Fitzgerald Kennedy
 
Veterans Day is this coming Friday: November 11th, 2016.
“America has long stood as a beacon of hope and opportunity, and few embody that spirit here at home and beyond our borders more than the members of our Armed Forces. Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, Marines, and Coast Guardsmen are part of an unbroken chain of brave patriots who have served our country with honor and made tremendous sacrifices so that we may live free. On Veterans Day, we salute the women and men who have proudly worn the uniform of the United States of America and the families who have served alongside them, and we affirm our sacred duty as citizens to express our enduring gratitude, both in words and in actions, for their service.” – Presidential Proclamation Veterans Day, 2016
 
Veterans Day is celebrated annually on November 11 to honor those who have served in the Armed Forces as well as those who have fallen defending the country.
 
In 1949, Dr. William Bishop and Dr. Alvin Swenson were Orthopedic Surgeons returning from service in World War II. Their mission was to provide the very best orthopedic care to the growing Phoenix community. That year they founded the Orthopedic Clinic (TOCA), the first medical practice specializing in orthopedic surgery in Arizona.
 
Originally, Veterans Day was called “Armistice Day,” and the date was chosen to commemorate the signing of the armistice with Germany that ended hostilities during World War I.
 
The armistice, signed on November 11th, 1918, did not officially end that war, however. That came on June 28th, 1919, with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. On the other hand, since the U.S. never signed the Treaty of Versailles like the other Allies, one could say that for the U.S. at least, the November 11th armistice really did end the war.
 
At first, the focus of Armistice Day was on the veterans of World War I, though it was always meant to honor all veterans of foreign wars, who risked their lives on the battle field to secure the freedoms of all Americans. Over time, with the passing away of the World War I generation and the coming of new conflicts during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War, the focus on the 1918 Armistice was lost and the name of the holiday was changed. Additionally, today, Veterans Day is generally regarded as honoring all those who ever served in the U.S. Armed Force rather than only those who actually fought in a war.
 
In 1919, the first celebration of Armistice Day took place, with Britain and the Allied nations of World War I all observing the day. Business as usual was briefly interrupted at 11am, the time when the armistice was signed with Germany. There were also parades and patriotic gatherings, and red poppies were put on display in many British Commonwealth countries.
 
Another development took place in 1926, when Congress finally decided to declare that World War I was over. It was odd for this recognition of an existing reality to come seven years late, but without the U.S. agreeing to the Treaty of Versailles, there had been no official end to the war. Congress also made November 11th a day of prayer and thanksgiving and expressed a desire that the U.S. flag be on display during this day and that special ceremonies be held.
 
Finally, in 1938, Armistice Day became a permanent, official public holiday. Eerily enough, the holiday designed to honor World War I veterans became official only a few years before World War II arrived. The next stage in the history of Veterans Day came in 1954, when it received its present name. Congress made the change when pressed to do so by various private veterans organizations.
 

#Recovery #Results #Relief #VeteransDay